List of Birds

Bird species of St. Kitts & Nevis

Michael H. Ryan


Foreword, January 22, 2013. (2nd UPDATE)

Another two years have flown since the last upgrade, and what a great period this was! A total of 6 new species have been added to the list of birds for St. Kitts & Nevis. A scientific expedition was undertaken last April, and in October there was a possible recording of an extinct bird, the St. Kitts Bullfinch. We are also grateful to PHD candidate, Mark Ludlow for keeping us updated on new sightings on Nevis.

Foreword, February 14, 2011. (1ST UPDATE)

Almost four years has passed since this list was first compiled, in January 2007. The current number of Birds for St. Kitts & Nevis has risen to 196 (January 14, 2011), with the latest edition being a Wood Duck, which was recently spotted at Frigate Bay. It is felt however, that the number of Bird Species for St. Kitts & Nevis should really be much higher, as many of the neighboring islands have reported a wider variety of migratory birds, most of which almost certainly pass through our Federation too! Regretfully, there are very few persons observing or recording birds here, and as a result, many species remain unreported.
I have also updated the “Comments” section of the Bird List, adding newly sighted birds and updating the last year that each bird has been spotted, as at February 14, 2011.[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text el_class=”p20″]

Hopefully this report will help to educate both residents and visitors alike on the diverse number of Birds that live and fly around us!



To update the list of Birds observed in the Federation of St. Kitts & Nevis, West Indies.


I would first like to thank Percy Hanley, fellow Bird enthusiast and President of the St. Christopher Heritage Society, for his continuous encouragement and support for this project. I would also like to thank Alan Vittery, who encouraged me to contribute to Birding whenever possible, and to opening my eyes to the potential that Birding has in the Federation, by spotting over 89 Birds in less than two weeks. In addition, I would like to thank Ryan Porteous, Steve Spicer, and Peter Mallalieu, for making their lists and information available, and in Nevis, Jim Johnson, who supplied a wealth of useful and accurate data which was crucial for completion of this list, and more recently, P.H.D. candidate, Mark Michael Ludlow. Finally, I would like to thank Heather Seaton for typing part of this report, and last but not least, to my pregnant wife Helen, who tolerated a brief absence from my parenting role and a few late nights of research.


When I first started birding in St. Kitts about three years ago, I researched the number of birds that had been observed on the islands of St. Kitts & Nevis. Most international lists indicated around 139 birds. It soon became apparent however, that this list was woefully incomplete, as I had recorded many birds that were not on any of the lists. Further research indicated that not many birders had visited the Federation, and even fewer had submitted any reports. The few experienced ones that visited recently, have for the most part been pleasantly surprised, particularly with waders/shorebirds, as St. Kitts has at least 10 major salt ponds, which attract many of the migratory species during the fall and winter months.

When my personal local list reached 100 different species, I decided to update our list, and somewhat to my surprise, I received widespread support from many persons, including several from the non-birding community. I am now pleased to report that our list includes some 203 different species, up significantly from 139!

It should be noted that a handful of birds were only observed by one person, but as I personally know most of the sources of these reports, and knowing their stickling for details, I have decided to include them as I do not doubt their accuracy. The other single sightings were mostly from members of the Scientific Community engaged in some form of research work, and were taken at face value. These single sightings are clearly stated in the “Comments” section of the bird list. Notwithstanding, I have marked a handful of birds on the list in the color “yellow” as these sightings really should have been verified. Three of the five species are expected to be found in St. Kitts/Nevis.

who is extremely familiar with the Puerto Rican Bullfinch. I have researched this bird and have come to the conclusion that there are encouraging signs that it may still be alive, and may exist in the Mt. Liamuiga and Stonefort forests of St. Kitts. It is felt that while the St.Kitts Bullfinch has been designated a sub-specie of the Puerto Rican bullfinch, it could be categorized as a full and separate specie if it still lives and could be studied further. I shall continue to search for this bird as a parallel hobby to my bird watching activities! I ask all birders to keep an eye out, and if any sightings are experienced, please do not hesitate to contact the author at

Similarly, if any visitor would like to submit their report on the list of Birds sighted while visiting the Federation, please feel free to do so to at e-mail addresses, and copy the St. Christopher Heritage Society,   &

Otherwise, I hope this small contribution can be of assistance to all birders, both resident and visitors alike, and to interested persons wherever they may be. In addition, it is hoped that potential developers will realize that we have a delicate eco-system, and they, along with the local authorities, will plan responsibly, and work hand-in-hand to maintain a reasonable balance.

Finally, if there are any errors or omissions in this report, please accept my apologies for the oversight.



Descriptive Code:


Nevis Bird Sightings

3Nev               Sighting by at least three or more persons, or three separate sightings, or a photo, all within the last 15 years. List produced by the late Jim Johnson.

Note: In general, we do not have any specific locations of exactly where in Nevis any of the sightings occurred.

St. Kitts Bird Sightings

F-                    First known sighting in St. Kitts based on limited research.

L-                    Last known sighting in St. Kitts based on current research.

AVIBASE      Listed on the Avibase International list. (, but where I could not determine any dates of sightings in St. Kitts, from any sources.

SCHS              Listed on the list of Birds from The St. Christopher Heritage Society (Now the National Trust Society.)

B/terre            Basseterre

SEP                 South East Peninsular of St. Kitts

FBP                Frigate Bay Pond

FRBP             Friar’s Bay Pond

GSP                Great Salt Pond

LSP                 Little Salt Pond

MBP               Major’s Bay Pond

TBP                Turtle Beach Pond

CSP                Cockleshell Bay Pond

RSKBP          Royal St. Kitts Golf Course Ponds

MP                  Muddy Point Pond

HMBP             Half Moon Bay Pond

GHP               GreatHeeds Pond

WHB              White House Bay



MR                 Michael H. Ryan,  

AV                  Alan Vittery,

PH                   Percy Hanley                                        

EH                  Ed. Hall

RLN               Robert L. Norton

DWS               David I. Steadman

RP                   Ryan Porteous

MML              Mark Michael Ludlow

GB                  Glenroy Blanchette






I have tried to supply additional information by including the year of the first (F-) and last (L-) sighting of birds in St. Kitts. However please note that it was difficult to obtain/research this type of information, but I have nonetheless provided entries based on the results of my research. Notwithstanding, the author recognizes that there may be earlier or additional sightings, but for which I did not have knowledge when this report was being prepared.

In respect to Nevis, all sightings are reported to have occurred within the past 15 years. Information was supplied by the late Jim Johnson.

All locations are general, but are likely to be the area where at least one sighting occurred. Of course, sightings would not necessarily be limited to these areas.

If no sightings were found in my research for St. Kitts, but a bird is listed in the Avibase list or St Christopher Heritage Society’s list, I simply put “Avibase” or “SCHS” in the comments section, as presumably, there must have been sightings for any bird to have made the Avibase or SCHS official lists. On annual updates additional information may be added where applicable e.g. (“2011” to list of species for last sighting).

The Islands of St. Kitts & Nevis are only 2 miles apart, and because of this close proximity, the author feels that any bird sighted on St. Kitts, would almost certainly be seen on Nevis, and vice versa, with the possible exception of Vagrants. In addition, a review of the list of migratory birds registered as sighted in the neighboring islands and not in St. Kitts or Nevis, is quite significant. This does not make sense, other than a lack of active birders in the Federation resulting in very few reports & sightings being declared. The birds are likely to visit here!

Finally, Birds of the West Indies by Raffaele et al, does indicate several other species for the “Northern Lesser Antilles”, but I have not included them as no sightings have been confirmed as yet.

BIRDS OF ST. KITTS & NEVIS, effective January 3, 2013.

1 Audubon’s Shearwater Nevis Avibase, 3Nev
2 Wilson’s Storm Petrel Nevis 3Nev
3 Leach’s Storm Petrel   Avibase, 3Nev
4 White-tailed Tropicbird Basseterre F-1982, 3 offshore,  3Nev (2012)
5 Red-billed Tropicbird   Avibase, 3Nev
6 Masked Booby   Avibase List
7 Brown Booby Basseterre F-1936, L-2017,  3Nev, Common
8 Red-footed Booby FB/Nevis L-2007, 3Nev
9 Brown Pelican All calm seas F-1904, L-2017, 3Nev
10 Magnificent Frigatebird All calm seas F-1931, L-2017, 3Nev
11 Greater Black-Backed Gull Nevis Nevis (2007, MML)
12 Ring-billed Gull TBP, B/terre F-1988, L-2011, 3Nev
13 Herring Gull FBP, B/terre F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
14 Lesser Black-backed Gull Basseterre F- 2004, L-2017
15 Laughing Gull Seas/Ponds F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
16 Black Headed Gull Basseterre F-2000, – Last 2018
17 Caspian Tern   Avibase, 3Nev
18 Royal Tern Basseterre F-1904, L-2017, 3Nev
19 Least Tern Beaches, etc. F-1962, L-2017, 3Nev
20 Sooty Tern Booby Island F-1931, L-2009, 3Nev
21 Bridled Tern Booby Island F-2009, 3Nev (2007)
22 Roseate Tern Basseterre F-1931, L-2017, 3Nev
23 Common Tern Basseterre F-1985, L-2017, 3Nev
24 Sandwich Tern   F-1997-98, L – 2018, 3Nev
25 Black Tern FBGC F/L-2012 (GB)
 26  Long Tailed Jaeger
 Basseterre Habour
 F/L- 2010
27 Pomarine Jaeger Basseterre F/L-2005, 3Nev
28 Brown Noddy WHB F-1935. L-2017, 3Nev
29 Great Blue Heron All Ponds F-1935, L-2017, 3Nev
30 Green Heron FBP F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
31 Black-crowned Heron All Ponds F-1936, L-2016, 3Nev
32 Yellow-crowned Heron All Ponds F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
33 Great Egret All Ponds F-1985, L-2017, 3Nev
34 Snowy Egret All Ponds F-1982, L-2017, 3Nev
35 Cattle Egret Everywhere F-1977, L-2017, 3Nev
36 Little Blue Heron All Ponds F-1982, L-2017, 3Nev
37 Tricolored Heron FBP F-2005, L-2017, 3Nev
38 Grey Heron Muddy Pond F/L-2006 Seen by 3 persons over a period of several days.
39 Least Bittern Muddy Pond F-2006, (PH),L-2014
40 Little Egret FBP ? F- 2006, L-2014
41 Glossy Ibis  FBP F/L 2017, 3Nev (L- 2010)
42 Greater Flamingo GSP, HMBP F 2001, VAGRANT Seen by dozens of persons. L 2013 (Immature)
43 Black-bellied Plover HMBP, TBP F-1935, L-2017, 3Nev
44 Amer. Golden Plover TBP, F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
45 Snowy Plover All Ponds F-1962, L-2017, 3Nev
46 Wilson’s Plover All Ponds F-1922, L-2017, 3Nev
47 Semipalmated Plover All Ponds F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
48 Piping Plover LSP, CSP F- 1988, L-2005, 3Nev
49 Collared Plover Conaree ONE SIGHTING ONLY, F/L-1977. (Collared Plover sighting here supported by several sightings on St.Martin in 1973.)
50 Pacific Golden Plover Frigate Bay F 2006, L 2012. Two separate occasions, the latter by 3 different persons. Photographed.
51 Killdeer MP, HMBP, F-2001, L-2017, 3Nev
52 American Oystercatcher Banana Bay F – 1988, (RLN), 2 birds, likely blown here by Hurricane Gilbert, L – 2012.
53 Black-necked Stilt All Ponds F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev COMMON.
54 American Avocet FBH F-2006, L-2009
55 Greater Yellow Legs All Ponds F-1935, L-2017, 3Nev
56 Lesser Yellow Legs All Ponds F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
57 Solitary Sandpiper All Ponds F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
58 Spotted Sandpiper All Ponds F-1935, L-2017, 3Nev
59 Semipalmated Sandpiper All Ponds F-1931, L-2017, 3Nev
60 Least Sandpiper All Ponds F-1904, L-2017, 3Nev
61 Western Sandpiper All Ponds F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
62 White-rumped Sandpiper LSP, SEP, FBP F-1988, L-2012
63 Pectoral Sandpiper FBP, CSP etc F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
64 Stilt Sandpiper All Ponds F-1982, L-2017, 3Nev
65 Sanderling Beaches etc. F-1977, L-2017, 3Nev
66 Willet All Ponds F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
67 Whimbrel CSP, FBP etc F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
68 Black-tailed Godwit TBP L- 1988, 3Nev
69 Marbled Godwit CSP L-2005, 3Nev
70 Hudsonian Godwit FBP F-2006, L-2016
71 Ruddy Turnstone All Ponds F-1931, L-2017, 3Nev
72 Red Knot TBP, MBP F-1988, L–2011, 3Nev
73 Dunlin GSP F-1989, L-2005
74 Short-billed Dowitcher TBP, FBP F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
75 Long-billed Dowitcher GSP Avibase, L-1988 (RLN) Report “Although carefully examined at close range, we regard this specie as hypothetical because of great difficulty of distinguishing it from L. griseus.”
76 Wilson’s Snipe GSP, FBSP, F-1936, L-2017, 3Nev
77 Curlew Sandpiper FBP, MP F-2005, L-2006
78 Baird’s Sandpiper HMP ONE SIGHTING ONLY, 2006 (AV)
79 Ruff Nevis F/L 2017, 3Nev
80 Buff-breasted Sandpiper F.B.G.C. F-2014, 3Nev
81 Clapper Rail CSP, FBP, F-1920, L-2006, 3Nev
82 Sora CSP, FBP F-1929, L-2011, 3Nev
83 Purple Gallinule F.B.G.C. , F -2012, L – 2017
84 Common Moorhen All Ponds F-1929, L-2017, 3Nev
85 American Coot GHP, FBP F-1929, L 2017, 3Nev
86 Caribbean Coot  GHP F-2012, L-2017 Nevis 1997-98 (Breeding)
87 Pied-billed Grebe CSP F-2006, L-2017, 3Nev, (Breeding)
88 Double-crested Cormorant Nevis 3Nev
89 Olivaceous Cormorant Nevis 3Nev
90 Anhinga Nevis Nevis 2012 (MML et al)
91 Black-bellied Whistling Duck RSKBP F-2009, L-2012
92 Fulvous Whistling-Duck No Details F/L-1981
93 W. Indian Whistling Duck No Details F-1881, L-1920
94 Tundra Swan RSKBP Two separate sightings, one on or about 10 years ago (approx. 2001) and the other around 1995. Researched circumstantial evidence indicates Tundra Swan on both occasions.
95 Northern Pintail CSP F/L 2013, 3 Nev
96 American Wigeon TBP F-2007, L 2018, 3Nev
97 Green-winged Teal All Ponds F-1988, L-2015, 3Nev
98 Northern Shoveler St. Kitts F-2000, L 2012, 3Nev
99 Cinnamon Teal SEP F/L-2011
100 Blue-winged Teal All Ponds F-1981, L-2017, 3Nev
101 Lesser Scaup TBP F-1981, L-2012, 3Nev
102 White-checked Pintail TBP, FBP F-1935, L-2017, 3Nev, (Breeding)
103 Ruddy Duck GHP F-1936, L-2016, 3Nev
104 Ringed-necked Duck FBP F-2005, L – 2012, 3Nev
105 Masked Duck Nevis 3Nev
106 Muscovy Duck Nevis F – 2011, 3Nev
107 Wood Duck FBP F-L 2011
108 Osprey MP, HMBP F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
109 Common Black Hawk Nevis 3Nev
110 Sharp-shined Hawk Nevis 3Nev
111 Northern Harrier Nevis 3Nev
112 Broad-winged Hawk FBP, Hills above Ross U F-2005, L-early 2013, 3Nev
113 Red-tailed Hawk Everywhere F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
114 American Kestrel Everywhere F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
115 Merlin Frigate Bay F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
116 Peregrine falcon Coastal F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
117 Prairie falcon SEP ONE SIGHTING ONLY (AV) F/L-2006Quoting A. Vittery, “The most curious sighting of all! A juvenile (seen at close range twice in the south from 15 th, and over the airport on the 25th (Nov 2006). Darkish brown upperparts.”
118 Northern Bobwhite   Introduced in late 1800’s. L-1920, NOW CONSIDERED EXTIRPATED
119 Helmeted Guineafowl SEP F-2012, L- 2017, 3Nev
120 Red Jungle Fowl Everywhere L-2017, (Also in Nevis)
121 Common Peafowl SEP L-2016, 3Nev (2010)
122 Zenaida Dove Everywhere F-1980, L-2017, 3Nev
123 Bridled Quail Dove P. Manning R/Forest trail F-1922, L-2017, 3Nev
124 Common Ground Dove Everywhere F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
125 Scaly-naped Pigeon Caribelle Bat. F-1935, L-2017, 3Nev
126 White-crowned Pigeon   F-1950, L-2017, 3Nev. 5 species were shot over a 10 year period, (1950 – 1960) and all were banded in St. Croix, U.S.V.I., One sighting & photographed in 2011, and 3 spotted in January 2013 in the grounds of the abandoned Fort Thomas Hotel.
127 Rock Dove Basseterre F-1982, L-2017, 3Nev
128 Eurasian Collard-Dove Conaree, etc F-2006, L-2017, 3Nev
129 White-winged Dove Conaree, etc F-2012, L-2017, 3Nev
130 Ruddy Quail Dove Frigate Bay F-1936, L-2006
131 Yellow-billed Cuckoo FRBP, LSP F-1935, L-2016, 3Nev
132 Mangrove Cuckoo FRBP, MP L-2006, 3Nev
133 Smooth-billed Ani FRBP F-2001, L-2017, 3Nev
134 Burrowing Owl   EXTINCT
135 Common Nighthawk B/TERRE L-2007
136 Antillean Nighthawk   Avibase
137 Chuck-will’s-widow   SCHS Bird List
138 Black Swift Estridge Est.  F-1977, L-1988, 3Nev
139 White-collared Swift Mt. Liamuiga F/L-1977. Record of this uncommon bird supported by sightings in Saba (1969) & Vieques (1971)
140 Lesser Antillean Swift   Avibase, 3Nev
141 Green-throated Carib Caribelle Bat. F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
142 Purple-throated Carib Phillip’s Lev. F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
143 Antillean-crested Hummingbird Everywhere F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
144 Belted Kingfisher All Salt Ponds F-1890, L-2017
145 Green Kingfisher SEP F-2003. Seen by two persons for a period of several days above Turtle Beach Restaurant.
146 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Nevis 3Nev
147 Gray Kingbird Everywhere F-1929, L-2017, 3Nev
148 Eastern Kingbird   Avibase. Seen in the Greater Antillean Islands, and also on Dominica.
149 Lesser Antillean Pewee  Forests, SEP F-1982, L-1988, 3Nev (2014). Several sightings SKB on SEP, and at Phillip’s level.
150 Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Phillip’s Level F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
151 Fork-tailed Flycatcher Nevis One sighting, Nevis (2010) Photographed.
152 Stolid Flycatcher Brimstone H. F-2006, L-2017, 3Nev
153 Caribbean Elaenia Everywhere F-2006, L-2017, 3Nev
154 Eastern Phoebe Frigate Bay ONE SIGHTING ONLY, 2006 (AV)
155 Cliff Swallow Anywhere F-1977, L-2006.
156 Barn Swallow All Ponds F-1929, L-2017, 3Nev
157 Caribbean Martin Anywhere F-1891, L-2012, 3Nev
158 Purple Martin   3Nev
159 Bank Swallow   Avibase, 3Nev
160 Veery Estridge Ghut F-1977, L2006, 3Nev
161 Brown Trembler Caribelle B F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
162 Pearly-eyed Thrasher Caribelle B. F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
163 Scaly-breasted Thrasher Caribelle B. F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
164 Brown Thrasher Phillip’s level ONE SIGHTING ONLY, 2006 (AV)
 165 Spectacled Thrush
 Nevis Peak
 3Nev (2015)
166 Tropical Mockingbird Nevis F/L 2014, 3Nev (2010)
167 Black-whiskered Vireo Brimstone H. F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
168 Yellow-throated Vireo Cockleshell F-2006, L-2011
169 Ovenbird Wingfield Level F-1922, L-2015, 3Nev
170 Yellow Warbler Everywhere F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
171 Prairie Warbler Mangroves F-1890, L- 2017, 3Nev
172 Hooded Warbler Estridge Ghut F-1977, L-2016, 3Nev
173 Black-throated Green Warbler Bayfords F-2012 (MR)
174 Black-throated Blue Warbler Lodge Estate F-1975, 3Nev
175 Northern Parula Lodge Estate F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
176 American Redstart Phillip’s level F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
177 Blackpoll Warbler SEP F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
178 Cape May Warbler  Brimstone Hill.                F-1982, L-2012, 3Nev
179 Prothonotary Warbler Mangroves Avibase, Nevis 1997-98
180 Black & White Warbler Brimstone Hill. F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
181 Pine Warbler GSP ONE SIGHTING ONLY, 2006, (AV)
182 Northern Waterthrush Cockleshell F-1982, L-2017, 3Nev
183 Louisiana Waterthrush FRBP/MP F-1936, L-2006, 3Nev
184 Yellow-rumped Warbler Frigate Bay L-2012, 3Nev
185 Magnolia Warbler St.Kitts/Nev L-2012, (Nevis)1997/98
186 Kentucky Warbler St.Kitts/Nev (Nevis)1997/98
187 Bananaquit Everywhere F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
188 Scarlet Tanager Estridge/SEP F-1977, L-2006, 3Nev
189 Summer Tanager Woods SCHS, Nevis 1997-98
190 Antillean Euphonia Mt. Liamuiga F-1880, L-1989, 3Nev
191 Indigo Bunting Scrub/Trees Bayfords/St. Peters Area. L-2011
192 Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Everywhere F-1880, L-2017, 3Nev
193 St. Kitts Bullfinch(Sub-Specie of Puerto Rican Bullfinch) Mt. Liamuiga & Stonefort–Rainforests CONSIDERED EXTINCT-(Important: See note in Introduction, above). May still be alive! Possible sighting in 1993 and credible report of call heard 2012. Sporadic reports of similar bird reported in Nevis in recent years.Please keep looking! SS Endemic to SKB/NEV
194 Black-faced Grassquit Everywhere F-1890, L-2017, 3Nev
195 Yellow-bellied Seedeater Four Seasons ONE SIGHTING ONLY, 2006, Nevis. Seen by two persons on one occasion. (RP + 1)
196 Blue Grosbeak Not specified F/L-1997-98
197 Rose-breasted Grosbeak GSP ONE SIGHTING ONLY, 2006, (AV)
198 Lesser Antillean Saltator Nevis F-1890, L-2007, 3Nev (2011)
199 House Sparrow Taylor’s Vill. F1997-98, L-2017, 3Nev
200 Nutmeg Mannikin FBGC F-2012, L-2017
201 Bobolink GSP F-1988, L-2017, 3Nev
202 Carib Grackle Nevis F-1960, 3Nev
203 Shiny Cowbird (Glossy) Bayfords F/L – 2017, 3Nev,
204 Baltimore Oriole (Northern) Shadwell F-1982, L-2015, 3Nev

205       Golden-winged Warbler     S.E.P.                   F/L-2017 (April)

206      Swainson’s Thrush          Wingfield level       F/L – 2017 (Oct)

207       Chestnut Sided Warbler   Caribelle Batik     F – 2017 (Dec), L – 2018    (March)

208      Bonaparte’s Gull                Greatheeds Pond     F/L – 2018 (March)

209      Yellow-throated Warbler  Frigate Bay               F/L – 2020 (March)

Greater Scaup 1974 Possible sighting (See News article)

Upland Sandpiper 1974 Possible sighting (See news article)

Note: The Antillean Mango Hummingbird may have been spotted in Nevis, but the report cannot be substantiated. Similarly, a report of the sighting of a Tree Swallow (2013) was received, but remained unconfirmed.






Birds of the West Indies, by Herbert Raffaele, James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith Janis Raffaele (2003).

Birds of the Caribbean by Peter Evans (1990).

Birds of the West Indies by James Bond (1993) by Mark Michael Ludlow

Individual Bird Lists by Michael Ryan, Percy Hanley, Ryan Porteous, Steve Spicer, and Jim Johnson (2006)

Correspondence from Mark Michael Ludlow (PHD Candidate)

Information from Alejandro Sanchez

Avibase Bird List ( (2006)

St. Kitts Heritage Society Bird List (2006)

The Effects of Development on the Avifauna of St. Kitts, W. I. by Michael M. J. Morris & R. E. Lemon (1982)

Country Environmental Profile of St. Kitts & Nevis prepared under the Aegis of: The Caribbean Conservation Association, St. Michael, Barbados (1990).

The Ornithological and Ecological Importance of Wetland Sites and the Eco-tourism Potential of Birds in St. Kitts by Alan Vittery (2006)

The Birds of St. Kitts, Lesser Antilles by David W. Steadman, Robert L. Norton, Ralph Browning, and Wayne J. Arendt (1997)

A Report from Antilles: St. Martin, St. Barthelemy, St. Christopher, Nevis, St Eustatius by Ed Hall (2004)

St. Kitts & Antigua, 18-25 February 2000, 16-23 March 2001 by Roy Hargreaves (2001)

A Natural History of the Island of Nevis by David Robinson & Jennifer Lowery (Reference to “St. Kitts & Nevis Biodiversity Project”, coordinated by Hugh McGuiness, 1997-98)


Greater Scaup 1974 Possible sighting (See News article)

Upland Sandpiper 1974 Possible sighting (See news article)

Note: The Antillean Mango Hummingbird may have been spotted in Nevis, but the report cannot be substantiated. Similarly, a report of the sighting of a Tree Swallow (2013) was received, but remained unconfirmed